Ancient History and Classical Antiquity
c. 4000+ BC: Adam and Eve are created
c. 3500 BC: Egyptian calendar*
c. 3300 BC: Bronze Age begins in Near East.*
c. 3300 BC: Newgrange Ireland.*
c. 3300 BC: Indus Valley Civilization begins in the Indian Sub-continent.*
c. 3200 BC: Cycladic civilization in Greece.*
c. 3200 BC: Norte Chico civilization begins in Peru.*
c. 3200 BC: Rise of Proto-Elamite Civilization in Iran.*
c. 3100 BC: Skara Brae society in Scotland.*
c. 3100 BC: First dynasty of Egypt.*
c. 3000 BC: Noah’s ark constructed.
c. 3000 BC: Sumerian cuneiform developed.
c. 3000 BC: Cucuteni-Trypillian culture in Romania and the Ukraine.
3000 BC: Jiroft civilization begins in Iran.
3000 BC: First known use of papyrus by Egyptians.
2800 BC: Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period in China.
2700 BC: Pharaonic rule in Egypt begins.
2600 BC: Oldest known surviving Sumerian literature was written.
2600 BC: Emergence of Maya culture in the Yucatán Peninsula.
2600 BC: Completion of the Great Pyramid of Giza.
2500 BC: The mammoth goes extinct.
2300 BC: Job lives and suffers many trials.
2200 BC: Completion of Stonehenge.
2070 BC: Yu the Great established the Xia. Dynasty in China.
2000 BC: Domestication of the horse.
c. 2000 BC: Abraham called by God out of Ur to begin a new nation.
1800 BC: Alphabetic writing emerges.
1700 BC: Indus Valley Civilization comes to an end.
1600 BC: Minoan civilization on Crete is destroyed by the eruption of Santorini island.
1600 BC: The beginning of Shang Dynasty in China; fully developed writing system.
1600 BC: Beginning of Hittite dominance of the Eastern Mediterranean region.
1500 BC: Composition of the Rigveda is completed.
1400-400 BC: Olmec civilization flourishes in Pre-Columbian Mexico.
1200 BC: The Hallstatt culture exists in Europe.
1200-1150 BC: Bronze Age collapse in Southwestern Asia.
1100 BC: Use of Iron spreads.
c. 1180 BC: Disintegration of Hittite Empire.
1046 BC: King Wu of Zhou overthrows Shang Dynasty establishing Zhou Dynasty.
c. 1000 BC: The beginning of the Kingdom of Israel occurred with Saul and David.
890 BC: Epic poems “Iliad” and “The Odyssey.”
800 BC: Rise of Greek city-states.